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Syria: Steel Industry Overview

Syria produced a small amount of crude steel, production of semimanufactured steel increased with the opening of new rolling mills in 2002. Arab Steel Co. and Joud International operated rolling mills that used imported billet from Turkey and Ukraine. In 2003, the state-owned General Company for Iron and Steel Products produced 58,000 t of billet compared with 48,515 t in 2002; production of rebar fell to 53,000 t from 57,511 t. In 2004, the company planned to increase billet production to 60,000 t, and rebar, to 78,000 t. All the company’s products were consumed domestically . The International Iron and Steel Institute estimated that Syria’s imports of semimanufactured and finished steel products amounted to nearly 1.69 Mt in 2002, which was an increase from 1.31 Mt in 2001 and 400,000 t in 1997. From 1997 to 2002, Syria’s apparent consumption of finished steel rose to 1.75 Mt from 463,000 t.

Production of Steel Commodities

(Metric tons unless otherwise specified)



1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Crude 70.000 70.000 70.000 70.000 70.000
Semimanufactured 85,000 60,000 60,000 300,000 450,000

Structure of Steel Industry in 2003

(Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Major operating companies Location of main facilities Annual capacity
Billet General Company for Iron and Steel Products (Government, 100%) Hama 60
Rolled  Merri Family Tartous 300
Arab Steel Co. Lattakia 250
Joud International Lattakia 150
General Company for Iron and Steel Products Hama 78

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